crypto.createDecipheriv() method is a method in the Node js crypto module that creates a
Decipher object that can be used to decrypt data that has been encrypted using a specific cipher algorithm and initialization vector (IV). It is used for the decryption of data that was encrypted using an encryption algorithm and a symmetric key.
createDecipheriv() method in Node.js crypto takes three arguments
A string that specifies the cipher algorithm to use for decryption. This should be the same algorithm that was used to encrypt the data.
DataView object that contains the secret key to use for decryption. This should be the same key that was used to encrypt the data.
DataView object that contains the initialization vector (IV) to use for decryption. This should be the same IV that was used to encrypt the data.
The algorithm and key must be used in the encryption process. The initialization vector is used to randomize the encryption process and the authentication tag is used to verify the authenticity of the data being decrypted. This method returns a Decipher object which can be used to decrypt the data.
Here is an example of how to use the
createDecipheriv() method to decrypt some data
const crypto = require('crypto'); // The data to be decrypted, encoded as a base64 string const encryptedData = 'ZW5jcnlwdGVkRGF0YQ=='; // The secret key used to encrypt the data const key = Buffer.from('mySecretKey', 'utf8'); // The initialization vector (IV) used to encrypt the data const iv = Buffer.from('myIV', 'utf8'); // Create a Decipher object using the AES-256-CBC algorithm const decipher = crypto.createDecipheriv('aes-256-cbc', key, iv); // Decrypt the data const decrypted = decipher.update(encryptedData, 'base64', 'utf8'); decrypted += decipher.final('utf8'); console.log(decrypted); // Output: "decryptedData"
Note that the
createDecipheriv() method is just one of the ways you can decrypt data in Node.js crypto module. There are other methods, such as
createDecipher(), that can be used for decryption as well.
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