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What is the Node.js | crypto.createHash() method?

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The crypto.createHash() method is a method in the crypto Node.js module that creates and returns a hash object that can be used to generate a hash of data using the specified algorithm.

The createHash() method takes a single argument, which is the name of the hash algorithm to be used. Some of the common algorithms supported by this method include md5, sha1, sha256, sha512, etc.

How to use createHash() to generate a hash of some data using the SHA256 algorithm

Here’s an example

const crypto = require('crypto');

const data = 'some data to be hashed';

const hash = crypto.createHash('sha256');


const digest = hash.digest('hex');

console.log(digest); // prints the hash of the data in hexadecimal format

The update() method is used to feed data to the hash object. It can be called multiple times to update the hash with more data.

The digest() method is used to generate the hash of the data that has been fed to the hash object. It takes an optional encoding argument that specifies the encoding of the output. The default encoding is binary, but you can also use hex, base64, etc.

The createHash() method can be useful for generating hashes of data for various purposes, such as generating checksums for data integrity, generating hashes for password storage, etc.

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It’s important to note that hash algorithms are designed to be one-way functions, meaning it is computationally infeasible to generate the original data from the hash.

However, hash collisions, where two different pieces of data produce the same hash, are possible, although they are extremely rare for most hash algorithms.

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