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How To Get Contract’s Balance in Solidity

How To Get Contract’s Balance in Solidity

Getting a contract’s balance in Solidity can be a crucial aspect of smart contract development, especially when dealing with funds or managing financial transactions. In Solidity, the contract balance refers to the amount of Ether stored within the contract. There are several ways to retrieve this information depending on the context and requirements of your smart contract. In this comprehensive guide, I’ll walk you through various methods to access a contract’s balance in Solidity, providing examples and explanations along the way.

Method 1: Using the address.balance Property

Solidity provides a built-in property address.balance to retrieve the balance of any address, including that of a contract. This property returns the balance in Wei, the smallest denomination of Ether.

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract BalanceChecker {
    function getContractBalance() public view returns (uint) {
        return address(this).balance;

In this example, address(this).balance returns the balance of the current contract. The function getContractBalance() allows external callers to view the balance of the contract.

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Method 2: Using this.balance (Deprecated)

In earlier versions of Solidity, you might come across this.balance to access the contract’s balance. However, note that it has been deprecated since Solidity version 0.6.0 in favor of address(this).balance. It’s recommended to use the latter for compatibility and clarity.

Method 3: Handling Ether Transfer

Another common scenario is when you want to handle Ether transfers within your contract based on its balance. Here’s a simple example illustrating this concept:

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract BalanceHandler {
    address payable public recipient;

    constructor(address payable _recipient) {
        recipient = _recipient;

    function sendEther() external payable {
        // Check contract balance
        require(address(this).balance >= msg.value, "Insufficient balance");

        // Transfer Ether to recipient

In this contract, sendEther() function transfers Ether to the specified recipient (recipient) while ensuring that the contract has sufficient balance to perform the transfer.

Method 4: Implementing Withdrawal Pattern

The withdrawal pattern is commonly used to allow users to withdraw their funds from the contract. Here’s a basic implementation:

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.0;

contract WithdrawalContract {
    address payable public owner;

    constructor() {
        owner = payable(msg.sender);

    function withdraw() public {
        require(msg.sender == owner, "Only owner can withdraw");
        uint amount = address(this).balance;

In this contract, withdraw() function allows the contract owner to withdraw the entire contract balance.

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Security Considerations

When dealing with contract balances, it’s crucial to consider security implications. Here are some best practices to follow:

  1. Check Effects Interactions Pattern: Ensure that balance checks are performed before any external calls to prevent reentrancy attacks.
  2. Use SafeMath: When dealing with arithmetic operations involving balances, utilize libraries like SafeMath to prevent overflow and underflow errors.
  3. Access Control: Restrict access to functions that involve balance manipulation to authorized users to prevent unauthorized withdrawals.
  4. Fallback Function: Implement a fallback function with the payable modifier to handle incoming Ether transfers securely.


Retrieving a contract’s balance in Solidity is essential for various smart contract functionalities, from basic balance inquiries to sophisticated financial operations. By leveraging built-in properties like address.balance and following best practices, you can ensure secure and efficient handling of contract balances in your Solidity contracts. Always prioritize security and thorough testing when dealing with financial transactions on the blockchain.

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