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What are PFP NFTs and how do they work?

PFP NFT meaning with mona lisa on the cover image

PFP NFT Meaning ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ it stands for “Profile Picture” and is commonly used in the context of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) to refer to digital artworks that can be used as an avatar or profile picture on various online social platforms.

These artworks are unique and one-of-a-kind, and can be bought, sold, and traded on NFT marketplaces.


The origins of the PFP (Profile Picture) as it relates to NFTs can be traced back to the rise of digital art and the growing interest in blockchain technology.

As digital art began to gain popularity in the early 2010s, artists and collectors started looking for ways to authenticate and prove ownership of these digital works. Blockchain technology, with its ability to create unique, non-fungible tokens that can’t be replicated, provided a solution to this problem.

In the context of NFTs and digital art, PFPs refers to the specific use case of using digital artworks as profile pictures on social media platforms like Twitter or Instagram. This has become increasingly popular as it allows people to express their individuality and personal brand through the use of unique, digital artworks.

How do PFPs work?

PFPs are typically minted and traded on the Ethereum blockchain using the ERC-721 token standard. ERC-721, or Ethereum Request for Comment 721, is a free, open standard that defines a set of rules for creating non-fungible tokens on the Ethereum blockchain.

ERC-721 tokens are unique and cannot be replicated, making them well-suited for use cases like digital art, collectibles, and other one-of-a-kind items. They also have built-in support for metadata, which can be used to store information about the NFT token, such as its title, description, and creator.

The ERC-721 standard also includes a “smart contract” that allows the token to be traded on the Ethereum blockchain, allowing for the buying, selling, and trading of PFPs on various NFT marketplaces.

It’s worth noting that there are other token standards used in the NFT space, like ERC-1155 and ERC-998, but ERC-721 is the most widely used standard for PFPs and other unique digital assets.

How to mint PFP NFTs

The technical process of minting a profile picture NFT typically involves the following steps:

1. Creating a hash of the image

A hash function is used to create a unique digital fingerprint of the image, called a “hash”. This hash serves as the identifier for the NFT.

2. Minting the NFT

The hash is then minted as an NFT on a blockchain that supports NFTs. The minting process typically involves creating a smart contract on the blockchain that represents the NFT and its metadata, such as the hash and the owner’s address.

3. Storing the image

The image is then stored on a decentralized storage solution such as IPFS, which allows it to be retrieved and displayed by anyone who holds the NFT.

4. Verifying the ownership

The owner can then use the NFT as a form of proof of ownership of the profile picture, and can use it to verify their identity across different platforms.

It’s important to note that profile picture NFTs are not a product of any specific blockchain and can be minted on any blockchain that supports NFTs.

PFP NFT adoption

1. KnownOrigin

One example of a project that introduced PFP NFTs is “KnownOrigin”, which is a digital art marketplace that specializes in PFPs. Launched in 2018, KnownOrigin allows artists to upload and sell their digital art as PFPs, and gives buyers the option to use the artwork as their profile picture on various online platforms. The marketplace is built on the Ethereum blockchain, which ensures that each artwork is unique and verifiable.

2. Rarible

Another example is “Rarible”, which is a marketplace for buying and selling NFTs, including PFPs. Rarible allows artists to mint their digital art as NFTs and sell them on the platform, and also allows buyers to use the artworks as their profile picture on various social media platforms.

3. SuperRare

A more recent example is “SuperRare“, which is a curated digital art marketplace that focuses on PFPs, as well as other forms of digital art. SuperRare allows artists to upload and sell their art, and also provides a platform for buyers to discover and purchase unique digital artworks that can be used as PFPs.

These are just a few examples, but there are many other projects and marketplaces that have emerged to support the buying, selling, and trading of PFP NFTs. As the popularity of NFTs has grown in recent years, more and more projects are focusing on this specific use case.

And that’s all. We hope PFP NFT meaning is much clearer to you now and you have working knowledge of it.