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What Does “msg.sender” Stand for in Solidity?

What does msg.sender stand for in Solidity

In Solidity, “msg.sender” is something that is used frequently and it is important to get familiar with it, know what exactly it does, and what is it used for.

Introduction to msg.sender

So, “msg.sender” is a dynamic global variable in Solidity that you can access anywhere in the code without importing anything. This variable is filled automatically when any transaction happens. It is called a dynamic variable because it can change throughout the transaction process.

“msg.sender” represents the address of the account that called the function present within the smart contract. What if one smart contract calls another smart contract? In this case, the “msg.sender” will have the address of the calling smart contract instead of an account address.

For example, if contract A calls contract B, then msg.sender inside of contract B will have the address of contract A. And if a certain wallet calls the contract then the msg.sender will have the wallet address.

msg.sender is used wherever we need to track the source of the transaction within the smart contract. So, “msg.sender” can be the address of a smart contract or the address of the account.

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Solidity msg.sender example

Here is how you can use msg.sender in your Solidity code.

// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT
pragma solidity ^0.8.20;

contract ExampleContract {
    address private _owner;
    constructor() public {
        _owner = msg.sender;
    function getOwner() public view returns (address) {
        return _owner;


Let’s look at what we did here.

  1. First of all, we defined the version for our Solidity compiler.
  2. Then, we defined the contract named ExampleContract.
  3. Inside of the contract, we defined a private variable _owner of the address type.
  4. Inside the constructor function, we initialized the _owner variable with the msg.sender address. Now, whoever will call the contract or define the contract will be its owner.
  5. To get the _owner address, we define the getOwner() function inside of the ExampleContract that returns the value of _owner variable.

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After deploying the contract on Remix IDE, you’ll see a button getOwner that will allow you to view the msg.sender value. Let’s look at where you can find the getOwner button.

Here’s what the output looks like in my case:

ExampleContract Output

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Note that, “msg.sender” can save either the contract or the wallet address. This means that if one contract calls for another contract, the 2nd contract will receive the 1st contract address as msg.sender. This helps track the source of the transaction within the smart contract.

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