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Is There a Null in Solidity Programming Language?

Null in Solidity

Null in Solidity overview

We don’t have the concept of undefined or null in Solidity. Instead, we have a default or zero concept. By default, each value, variable, or object gets a slot in memory once it is created, filled by the default value, for example, zero.

Different programming languages support the concept of undefinednullNullNaNnilNone, etc, for example, Python, C++, Javascript, and Go, but Solidity doesn’t.

Let’s explore the default values of different types in Solidity.

Non-dynamic sized types

Non-dynamic type variables are the static type variables. Meaning we cannot change the size of the variables. They have fixed sizes that are not changeable. Static-type variables have straightforward default values.

  • int or uint256 have a default value of 0
  • bool have a default value of false
  • address type has a default value of zero address that is 0x0000000000000000000000000000000000000000
  • struct type has a default value of all its data members’ default types coupled in a tuple.

Dynamic sized types

Dynamic-sized type variables are the ones that can change their sizes. The sizes of these variables depend on the data they’re assigned. For example, an array can be of length 10 or length 1000.

  • The string type has an empty string default value.
  • The array’s default value is an empty array.
  • The byte default value is empty or no byte.

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Null in Solidity conclusion

Solidity has this weird feature where it doesn’t support undefined values. In some cases, having the undefined value is beneficial, while in others it is not. In either case, we’ll have to learn to cater to this problem, learn the default values of each type, and then work with them accordingly.

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